DETROIT – The Cathedral of the Most Blessed Sacrament in Detroit was crowded with Catholic leaders and faithful for the funeral of Cardinal Edmund Szoka, a former archbishop of Detroit who served as governor and financial administrator of the Vatican, on Aug. 26.
Archbishop Leonard P. Blair of Hartford, a former auxiliary bishop in Detroit for whom Cardinal Szoka was a mentor, preached the homily.
“His life was rich and full – so many experiences of people and places; so many opportunities to use his gifts and talents to the full in teaching, sanctifying and governing God’s people as a priest, bishop and cardinal; and the blessing of a happy home in Rome and Detroit …,” said Archbishop Blair. Read the full text of the homily here.
Cardinal Szoka, who rose from poor beginnings to reach the highest levels of service to the church, died Aug. 20 at age 86 of natural causes.
Archbishop Allen H. Vigneron of Detroit was the main celebrant.
While his accomplishments were often larger-than-life, Cardinal Szoka carried with him the lessons he learned growing up poor in hard-working Polish-American communities he served as parish pastor, chancery official, founding bishop of a new diocese, archbishop of Detroit and in high Vatican posts.
Then-Archbishop Szoka was installed to head the Detroit Archdiocese in 1981. He was named a cardinal in 1988, and was Detroit's archbishop until 1990, when he began a 16-year tenure at the Vatican – serving under both Popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI.
In 1990, he was appointed president of the Prefecture for Economic Affairs of the Holy See, the Vatican's budget management office, and seven years later was named president of the Pontifical Commission for the Vatican City State, a post he retired from in 2006.
Retired from active ministry since 2006, Cardinal Szoka had been living in Northville, and had recently been active again in the life of the archdiocese he once led.
Archbishop Blair was Cardinal Szoka’s secretary and a staff member of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See from 1994-97.
Cardinal Szoka considered his greatest accomplishment in the city of Detroit the transformation of Sacred Heart Major Seminary in 1988, according to a 2011 interview during the celebration of his 40th anniversary of episcopal ordination.
And although he headed up one of the largest U.S. archdioceses and achieved acclaim for restoring the financial condition of the Vatican, he pointed to his role in setting up the Diocese of Gaylord in northern Michigan as the accomplishment that meant the most to him personally.
"When I came there, I had no place to live, I had no chancery office, I had no secretary. I had a territory, but none of the facilities I needed," Cardinal Szoka told The Michigan Catholic, Detroit's archdiocesan newspaper. "God really helped me, because when I think back on it now, it went much easier than you might think."
His episcopal motto – "To Live in Faith" – was one the cardinal took to heart.
"It is the perennial challenge the church always faces, strengthening the faith of the people and helping them to live that faith fully and actively," he once said.
Archbishop Blair said that that’s how the cardinal would have wanted to be remembered.
“He once said to me that his name had come to be associated with his many administrative endeavors – organizational and financial – in Gaylord, Detroit and Rome, but what really mattered to him, what he would wish to be known for, was the renewal and strengthening of the faith, as it is taught, believed and lived,” said Archbishop Blair.
Edmund Casimir Szoka was born Sept. 14, 1927, in Grand Rapids to Polish immigrants Casimir and Mary Szoka. His father had immigrated from what is now Belarus; his mother, from Poland.
In the 1930s, the Szoka family, including an older sister, Irene, moved to Muskegon as his father sought sufficient work to support the family.
Young Edmund studied at St. Joseph Seminary College in Grand Rapids for two years, transferring to Sacred Heart Seminary College in Detroit for his junior and senior years. He studied theology at St. John's Provincial Seminary in Plymouth Township. He was ordained June 5, 1954, for the Marquette Diocese by Bishop Thomas Noa.
His first assignment was as an associate pastor at a parish in Michigan's Upper Peninsula, then he served as Bishop Noa's secretary and as a hospital chaplain. He also was named chaplain to the former K.I. Sawyer Air Force Base.
In 1957, then-Father Szoka went to Rome to study canon law at the Pontifical Lateran University. He returned to Marquette in 1959 and resumed his hospital and chancery duties.
As secretary to the bishop, in October 1962 he accompanied Bishop Noa to Rome for the first session of the Second Vatican Council.
In 1971, he was named the first bishop of Gaylord. To fund diocesan operations, he launched the Catholic Services Appeal, forerunner of a successful campaign he would start in the Detroit archdiocese.
He was named to Detroit in 1981.
In 1987, he hosted his friend and mentor, Pope John Paul, on a visit to Detroit and elsewhere in the archdiocese as part of a major U.S. papal trip.
In 1988, he was named a cardinal.
In 1990, Pope John Paul named him president of the Prefecture for Economic Affairs of the Holy See. Faced with a budget crisis, he initiated reforms that stanched a 20-year flow of red ink, and set the course for healthy balance sheets for the rest of his time in the position and for several years thereafter.
In 1997, he was named president of the Pontifical Commission for the Vatican City State – informally the "governor" – which put him in charge of a wide range of activities such as the Vatican Museums, and the microstate's mint, post office and police force.
Despite such major responsibilities, Cardinal Szoka said he accepted the appointments with humility.
"When I was in the seminary, my only ambition was to be a parish priest," he said at the time. "But a priest is obedient. I did not go asking for these jobs."
On June 22, 2006, Pope Benedict accepted his resignation. In retirement, he returned to Detroit. Until 2008, he remained a member of five Vatican congregations including the Congregation for Bishops and the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.
Residing in Northville and aiding local parishes in the following years, Cardinal Szoka also participated in social and fundraising events to help support the local church.
A story by the Catholic News Service was incorporated into this article.