July 24, 2024

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United Kingdom Elections: Poll Gives Huge Win For Labor, May Return To Power After 14 Years |  the world

United Kingdom Elections: Poll Gives Huge Win For Labor, May Return To Power After 14 Years | the world

Labor leader and prime ministerial hopeful Keir Starmer casts his vote in London on July 4, 2024 — Photo: Maja Smijkowska/Reuters

The first results of opinion polls in England were released on Thursday (4) night Pointer a A huge success Labor Party (centre-left) against the Conservatives in British parliamentary elections therefore, The Labor Party is back in power in England after 14 years.

According to the study, Labor won 410 seats in the British Parliament, compared to 131 for the current Prime Minister’s Conservatives. Rishi Sunak. To get a majority, a party or coalition needs 326 seats — out of a total of 650 seats in Parliament. The British press considered this decision A laborious “wash win”.

The figures from the last parliament, which was dissolved in May, reveal the extent of the change: the Conservatives were in a majority with 344 seats, and It lost more than 200 seats. The Labor Party had 205 seats. Doubled Number of party representatives.

as a consequence, Labor leader Keir Starmer is expected to become the new Prime Minister of the United Kingdom — Look who he is. The Labor campaign focused on one word: change.

Starmer thanked the voters after the polls closed. “To everyone who campaigned for Labor this election, voted for us and believed in our reformed Labor Party – thank you,” Starmer said in a post on X (formerly Twitter).

If 131 conservative seats are confirmed, this will be Their worst result in terms of seats in Parliament since they started calling themselves the Conservative Party in the 1830s., under Robert Peel. The worst Conservative result up to that point was 156 seats in 1906.

“If this exit poll is correct, it’s a historic defeat for the Conservative Party, one of the strongest forces we’ve seen in British political history,” said Kieran Betley, director of research at Ipsos, which conducted the poll, according to Reuters. “It looks like the Conservatives are going to be in power for 10 years and everything is broken,” he added.

Voting closes at 6pm Brasilia time. Exit polls only give an indication of the vote count, which is still ongoing, but This scenario was already expected after polls of voting intentions pointed to a clear victory for Labour. The official results should be released early in the morning.

  • Labor Party (centre-left): Increases from 205 to 410 Seats (205 more)
  • Conservative Party (centre-right): Down from 344 places to 131 (less than 213)
  • Liberal Democratic Party: Increases from 15 to 61 (and 46)
  • Reform Party (Far Right): Increases from 1 to 13 (12 more)
  • Scottish National Party: 43 down to 10 (down 33)
  • Wales Party: Increases by 3 to 4 (plus 1)
  • Green Party: Increases by 1 to 2 (plus 1)
  • Others: 19 (no change)

Referendum results in the United Kingdom elections on July 4, 2024. — Photo: Reproduction/BBC

The centre-right conservatives took power during the global financial crisis and have won three elections since then. But those years were marked by a sluggish economy, declining public services and a series of scandals that made the “Tories” as they were commonly known, easy targets for critics on the left and right.

Rishi Sunak casts his vote in the UK General Election on July 4, 2024 — Photo: Demilade Adelaja/Reuters

Sunak took everyone by surprise when he called the election in early May. The maneuver is aimed at taking advantage of a good result from a financial statement released at the time the numbers do not advance beyond that. But, the calculation did not work.

Conservatives lost votes on other issues as well. The New Reform Party is expected to “steal” the Conservatives’ right-wing votes by criticizing the government for failing to control immigration, a key issue for the British.

Elections in the United Kingdom: Britons go to the polls to decide the Prime Minister

See the United Kingdom’s legislative elections and what’s at stake below:

The montage shows Rishi Sunak and Keir Starmer — Photo: AP

How does the election work?

The United Kingdom is divided into 650 constituencies and has 650 members in the House of Commons — the British Parliament. Voters in each of these districts elect a deputy to represent the local population. Most candidates represent a political party, but some are independent. There are no primaries or runoffs, just one round of voting on July 4th.

Britain uses “first-past-the-post” voting, which means that the first-placed candidate in each district is elected even if they do not receive 50% of the vote. This has generally ensured the dominance of the two largest parties, the Conservatives and Labour, as smaller parties find it difficult to win seats unless they concentrate support in certain areas.

How is the Prime Minister selected?

King Charles III is formally involved in this process: he asks the leader of the party with the majority of parliamentarians to assume the role of chief executive and form the government.

This means that the results will determine the policy direction of the government, has been led by centre-right conservatives for the past 14 years. The centre-left Labor Party is widely seen as strong.

The Last Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom — Photo: Bruna Rocha Acevedo/G1

Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, a former Treasury chief who will be prime minister from October 2022, is leading his party into the election. His main opponent is Keir Starmer, former Director of Public Prosecutions in England and leader of the Labor Party since April 2020.

But other parties, some with strong regional support, could be crucial in forming a coalition government if no one wins an outright majority.

The Scottish National Party, which campaigns for Scottish independence, the Liberal Democrats, and the Democratic Unionist Party, which wants to maintain ties between Great Britain and Northern Ireland, are currently the three largest parties in parliament after the Conservatives and Labour. Many observers suggest that the New Reform Party, led by Brexit campaigner Nigel Farage, could steal votes from the Conservatives.

Keir Starmer, leader of the United Kingdom Labor Party in February 2024 – Photo: Kirsty Wigglesworth/AP

Why are conservatives under pressure?

Since coming to power in 2010, the Conservatives have faced one challenge after another. The first was the fallout from the global financial crisis, which increased Britain’s debt and the Tories imposed years of austerity measures to balance the budget. They then led Britain out of the European Union, faced one of Western Europe’s deadliest Covid-19 outbreaks and saw inflation soar after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Regardless of the circumstances, many voters blame the Conservatives for a litany of problems facing Britain, from sewage leaks and unreliable rail services to a life crisis, crime and migrants crossing the bloated English Channel.

Rishi Sunak speaks at Downing Street in London on May 22, 2024 – Photo: Toby Melville/Reuters

What are the big questions?

Economy: Britain is struggling with high inflation and slow economic growth, which has left most people feeling poor. After rising to 11.1% in October 2022, the Conservatives managed to control inflation, which fell to 2% in May, but growth remains sluggish, raising questions about the government’s economic policies.

Immigration: Thousands of asylum seekers and economic migrants have crossed the English Channel in flimsy inflatable boats in recent years, prompting criticism that the government has lost control of Britain’s borders. A signature policy of the Conservatives, stopping the boats, is a plan to deport some of these migrants to Rwanda. Critics say the plan violates international law, is inhumane and does nothing to stop people fleeing war, conflict and famine.

Health: Britain’s National Health Service, which provides free medical care for all, has been plagued by long waiting lists for everything from dental care to cancer treatment. Newspapers are full of stories of terminally ill patients forced to wait hours for an ambulance and then wait even longer for a hospital bed.

Environment: Sunak has backed away from a series of environmental commitments, postponing a deadline to end the sale of petrol and diesel-powered passenger vehicles and authorizing new oil drilling in the North Sea. Critics say these are ill-advised policies at a time when the world is fighting climate change.

Why are elections being held now?

While most observers thought the vote would be in the fall, Sunak gambled on a summer election, hoping that good economic news would help convince voters that conservative policies were starting to work.

With the parliamentary term ending in mid-December, commentators had been speculating about the timing of the election for months. Although each parliament is elected for five years, the prime minister can hold elections whenever it is politically most convenient.