Brazil was the country that suffered the most deterioration in terms of the “democratic features” of its political system in 2020, and in this decade it was one of the five countries with the most deterioration in terms of democratic guarantees.
A report published this Monday by the Stockholm-based International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance found the country’s situation to be one of the most worrisome in the world. The entity is one of the world’s leading references in assessing the health of democracies.
“Brazil was the democracy with the most traits to decline in 2020,” the study says. He added, “The management of the epidemic has been plagued by corruption scandals and protests during the presidency Jair Bolsonaro They underestimated the spread of the epidemic and gave conflicting messages.”
“The president publicly tested Brazil’s democratic institutions, accusing the judges of the Supreme Electoral Court of preparing to carry out fraudulent activities in connection with the 2022 elections and attacking the media,” he said.
“The president also announced that he will not obey the decisions of the Supreme Court, which is investigating him for spreading false news about the country’s electoral system,” he added.
In its report, The State of Democracy in 2021, the organization warned that “more countries than ever are suffering from ‘democratic erosion’ (the deterioration of democratic quality), including established democracies.”
“The number of countries experiencing a ‘democratic setback’ (a more severe and deliberate kind of democratic erosion) has never been as high as it has been in the past decade and includes regional geopolitical and economic powers such as Brazil, India and the United States.” pointing to.
In the decade between 2010 and 2020, Brazil also emerged as one of the five countries with the largest decline in the quality of democracy. The other countries are Turkey, Nicaragua, Serbia and Poland.
Even with regard to the electoral process, the results are worrying.
“A total of 10 democracies have experienced a decline in clean elections since 2015: Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Czech Republic, Hungary, India, Mauritius, Namibia, Poland and the United States. In this period, five other countries lost their democratic status due to and severe falls (Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Honduras, Serbia and Turkey).”
The report also notes that “presidents in Mexico and Brazil questioned the integrity of electoral commissions before elections.” He insisted that “in Brazil, the president went so far as to question the 25-year-old electoral system, claiming that elections could be annulled unless they were changed.”
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