The ivory woodpecker is among 23 species declared extinct by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) this week.
In all, 11 birds, one bat, two fish, one plant and eight species of shellfish were reported extinct. For that reason, it proposed to remove them from the Endangered Species Act (ESA), which protects endangered species.
The FWS said the move was based on rigorous scientific analysis of the best available for each of these species.
“Each of these 23 species represents a permanent loss to our country’s natural heritage and global biodiversity,” said Bridget Fahey, who oversees species classification for the FWS, according to the New York Times. “Destruction is a confusing reminder that man-made environmental changes are the result.”
The ivory woodpecker was once the largest woodpecker species in the United States, but was last seen in 1944 in Louisiana. The species was officially listed as endangered in 1967.
Another bird declared extinct Vermivora Pachmani (Pokமேmon porphyry), one of the rarest songbirds in North America. It has been listed as dangerous since 1967.
Eight types of Hawaiian birds and fruit bat Strobus tocota(Small Mariana fruit bat) is on the list from the Pacific island of Guam.
Lists endangered species and access the agency’s report stating that they were last seen.Saw here (in English).
“The conditions of each organism contribute to the introduction of species and diseases on how human activity can lead to species decline and extinction, habitat loss and aggression,” the text says. “The growing vulnerabilities of climate change should further exacerbate these threats and their relevance,” it says.
The FWS, in its report, said the protections provided by the ESA, which came into effect in 1973, came too late for these species. But he noted that the law was successful in preventing the extinction of more than 99% of the listed species, and that its protection was needed now more than ever.
“The service is actively involved with various partners across the country to prevent future extinctions, restore listed species and first prevent the need for federal protection,” said Martha Williams, FWS’s Deputy Director General.
The Endangered Species Act has been incredibly successful by promoting the many partnerships needed to meet the growing security challenges of the 21st century.
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