Siokoro Manabe, Klaus Haselmann and Giorgio Baresi They are the winners Nobel prize 2021 in Physics, the Royal Academy of Sciences announced in Sweden This Tuesday (5), for innovative contributions to our understanding of complex physical systems.
The winners will participate in the prize, which has a total value of 10 million Swedish kronor (approximately 6.1 million Brazilian reais). Seokuro Manabe and Klaus Hesselmann share half the prize, using a physical model of the Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming.
The other half will go to Giorgio Baresi, by discovering the interaction of turbulence and fluctuations in physical systems.
Siokoro Manabe, Klaus Haselmann and Giorgio Baresi, the 2021 Nobel Prize winners in Physics – Photo: Jonathan Nakstrand / AFP
- Seokuro Manabe, Princeton University, United States of America , Explain how increased concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increase the temperature at the Earth’s surface. In the 1960s, he led the development of physical models of Earth’s climate and was the first person to explore the interaction between radiation balance and the vertical transport of air masses. His work laid the foundations for the development of climate models.
- After about ten years, Klaus Hesselmann, from the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, a model linking weather and climate – thus answering a question Why climate models can be trusted when the weather is fickle and chaotic. He also developed methods for recognizing certain signs – “fingerprints” – that natural phenomena and human activities affect the climate. His methods have been used to prove that the increase in temperature in the atmosphere is caused by human carbon dioxide emissions..
- around 1980, Giorgio Baresi from Sapienza University in Rome, Italy Discover patterns hidden in intricate mixed textures. His results are considered among the most important contributions to the theory of complex systems. They make it possible to understand and describe many seemingly completely random complex materials and phenomena, not only in physics, but also in very different fields such as mathematics, biology, neuroscience, and machine learning (Machine learning).
Siokoro Manabe, Klaus Haselmann and Giorgio Baresi – Photo: Twitter / Nobel Prize
- Thank you Manabi Born in 1931 in Shingu, No, Japan. He received his Ph.D. in 1957 from the University of Tokyo. Today, he is the chief meteorologist at Princeton University, in the United States of America.
- Klaus Haselmann Born in 1931 in Hamburg, in Germany. He received his doctorate in 1957 from the University of Göttingen. He is a professor at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg.
- Giorgio Baresi Born in 1948 in Rome. He received his doctorate in 1970 from Sapienza University in Rome, where he is a professor.
laurel in Medicine was the first thing that was announced, in the second (4). Awards in chemistryAnd literature NS buzz It will be delivered later this week; Already laurel in Economie It will be released next Monday (11). see table:
- medicine: Monday, October 4
- PhysicsTuesday, October 5
- chemistry: Wednesday October 6
- literature: Thursday 7 October
- buzz: Friday October 8
- Economie: Monday, October 11
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