A year and a half after the pandemic began, the coronavirus is still far from being eradicated from the world — and despite wide vaccine coverage in many countries, new variants are gaining traction. NS R7 Speak with infectious scientist Estêvão Urbano, director of the SBI (Brazilian Society of Infectology), to understand the mistakes of countries that have fallen behind in fighting the health crisis and what can be done to reverse this situation
* Trainee in R7 Under the supervision of Pablo Marquez
Australia, which at the start of the pandemic was widely praised for its management to fight the health crisis, now has many cities trapped by the progression of a delta variable. According to Urbano, the setback is due to a combination of two factors: a “false sense of security” and low vaccination coverage.
“Because Australia invested in social isolation measures, there were a few cases and deaths of coronavirus, then people thought it was okay – they can take off the mask and cause crowding. Now they are paying the price. That’s why. An aggravating factor is that the country’s vaccination drive is slow. The immunization rate is still low compared to many other places.”
In the United States, in turn, the situation is exactly the opposite – the country is one of the most vaccinated in the world, and so far, half of its entire population has been immunized against the Corona virus. On the other hand, the United States, Thursday (5), recorded the highest number of daily cases in six months – more than 100 thousand – and the number of infections is expected to reach 200 thousand per day in the coming weeks.
“Unlike Australia, the United States protects most of its citizens from the Corona virus, but it is important to remember that a vaccine alone is not a miracle. So it is unwise to allow people to roam the streets without a mask and cause agglomerations, as happened in the United States”
According to the infection doctor, the situation of the United States is very similar to that of many countries in Europe, such as the United Kingdom, Portugal and Spain. All of them got the majority of their residents fully off COVID-19, but they reopened facilities early and are now seeing the number of cases rise.
“It seems to me that many countries in Europe have relied a lot on the vaccine. When 60% of their citizens were vaccinated with a single dose in the UK, despite the rapid spread of the delta variant, the government had already put in place a plan for decontamination, the last phase of which was at the end of the day. Last June, with all establishments reopening,” he said
“Although the vaccine is the main tool in the fight against the epidemic, it is worth noting that it neither prevents infection nor transmission of the Covid virus. Therefore, even those who have already completed the vaccination program should continue to maintain personal hygiene and personal hygiene. Protocols. Security “, perfect