Conclusion by journalist and linguist Eliara Santana and appeared in a recent academic study and in the book “Journal Nacional: A Political Actor on the Scene.”
247 – TV Globo’s Jornal Nacional and other stations that make up the so-called “corporate media” were “relevant support” for consolidating the coup against former President Dilma Rousseff in 2016 and the election of Jair Bolsonaro (PL) in 2018
I came to the conclusion of journalist and linguist Eliara Santana, who recently launched an academic study and book on the topic: “Journal Nacional: a political actor on the scene.” Details posted by Mauricio Stycer, on UOLThis Thursday (14).
In addition to contributing to Dilma’s ouster, Journal Nacional and its peers contributed to “the country’s entry into a context of significant social polarization as well as political and economic turmoil, extending into the 2018 electoral process and beyond”.
According to Santana, the impeachment process against Dilma would have been different “if it had not been supported and legitimized by the common media,” which built a “narrative” to link the Labor Party to “unprecedented corruption,” as well as to hold Dilma responsible.” An unprecedented economic crisis.
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The corporate press has lent an air of “extremely serious issues” to “problems of conditions”, while positive news about the Labor government has been “silenced”. The researcher mentions the case of Brazil dropping off the UN hunger map in 2014. The very relevant fact lasted only 38 seconds in the Journal Nacional.
The same thing happened when, under the Dilma government, Brazil reached the lowest unemployment rate in history (4.8%), in December 2014. The TV Globo news program gave 30 seconds to report on this feat. For comparison, the writer saves news from January 2018, from the government of former coup president Michel Temer, when unemployment reached 12.7%, the worst in five years. “Indicators of economic recovery are still confidential, but they are enough to encourage more people to look for jobs,” the Journal Nacional reported.
In preparation for the coup d’état that will take place in 2016, the newspaper Journal Nacional, in March 2015, reported a demonstration in favor of Dilma, noting that the organizers of the act were trade unionists. Three days later, when dealing with an anti-government demonstration, Journal Nacional did not reveal the event’s organizers. Santana explains that the strategy was to put the pro-government demonstration into question and give spontaneity to the protests against the former president.
On the occasion of the disclosure of an illegal wiretapping leak, carried out by the then judge in Lava Jato, Sergio Moro, between Dilma and former President Lula (PT), the way in which the newspaper reported the subject ‘evoked viewers of emotion and turmoil, which is not necessarily positive, but also anger and indignation. , argues Santana. According to the researcher, the news was “in phases, with the dramatic representation of the action and the representation of the characters and the intervention of the narrators” – William Bonner and Renata Vasconcelos – to generate this kind of reaction in the audience. Highlights “Voice and tone modulation (sometimes more serious and cautious, sometimes more)” of newscast presenters.
Regarding the 2018 elections, in which Bolsonaro was elected to take over the Planalto Palace, Santana noted a different treatment given by Jornal Nacional to the PT and then-PSL candidate.
The two went through “silencing” the news, and their statements were not shown, but there is a relevant difference: Lola, who was unjustly imprisoned for Lava Jato, his interviews were ignored with “negative bias”; Bolsonaro has been silenced with a “positive bias”, that is, in his favour. TV Globo avoided presenting his speeches in order to “not expose a controversial and well-known gay candidate”.
The picture changed after Bolsonaro took office. Journal Nacional no longer passes a rag to the CEO and begins a “frontal clash”, based on allegations of corruption, Marielle Franco’s death and her disguised speeches about the COVID-19 pandemic.
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